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Frantz Fanon (Frantz Omar Fanon, 20 July 1925 – 6 December 1961) was a Martinique-born, French–Algerian psychiatrist, philosopher, revolutionary, and writer whose works are influential in the fields of post-colonial studies, critical theory, and Marxism. As an intellectual, Fanon was a political radical, and an existentialist humanist concerning the psychopathology of colonization, and the human, social, and cultural consequences of decolonization.

In the course of his work as a physician and psychiatrist, Fanon supported the Algerian war of independence from France, and was a member of the Algerian National Liberation Front. For more than four decades, the life and works of Frantz Fanon
have inspired anti-colonial national liberation movements in Palestine, Sri Lanka, and the U.S.