Mars was the Roman god of war, identified with the Greek god Ares. Whereas Ares was described as a destructive and catastrophic force, Mars was the military power who guarded peace and was the father of the Roman people, creating religious and cultural identity within the Roman Empire.
The Romans preserved the control of such a vast empire, in part applying military control to intimidate those who resisted, but it was in part, too, due to the fact that they made people understand that their culture was better and therefore necessary. They knew that if the empire was to be secure and durable, it required wide foundations. But there were limits to this Romanisation. Religion was a crucial measure. Roman gods were represented all along the empire, still native gods were also worshipped. Parallel to the Roman Pantheon of Jupiter, Mars, and the Spirit of the Emperor, there were foreign gods as the Persian Mithras, the Phrygian Cybele, or the Egyptian Isis. Sometimes this cults were seen as ideology of the resistance. This resistance reveals to us the limits of the Romanisation. There were winners and, above all, losers in the Roman Empire.