Posters series where I explain the origins of spring according to Greek and Roman mythology. For this purpose I've chosen the marble sculpture of Gian Lorenzo Bernini “The rape of Proserpina”.
The Rape of Proserpina by Gian Lorenzo Bernini is a Baroque sculptural group in marble. It was sculpted in 1622, when the artist was only twenty-three years old. We find it nowadays at the Galleria Borghese in Rome.
It shows the myth of "The Abduction of Proserpina", where Proserpina, daughter of Ceres, is taken to the underworld by the god Pluto.
We can find its origins in greek mythology as "The Abduction of Persephone by Hades". The Greek mythological characters of Persephone and Hades were the Roman Proserpina and Pluto.
We find the same parallelisms with the Roman goddess Ceres and the Greek goddess Demeter, mother of Persephone and goddess of the agriculture.
The Abduction of Persephone is mentioned briefly in Hesiod's Theogony, and told in considerable detail in the Homeric Hymn to Demeter.
It is said that Zeus permitted Hades to abduct Persephone, so when Demeter found that her daughter had disappeared, she forbade the earth to produce or to grow.
Zeus, pressed by the cries of the hungry people, forced Hades to return Persephone.
Hades tricked Persephone giving her some pomegranate seeds to eat so she would tasted food in the underworld.
This obliged her to spend half of each year (autumn and winter) in the underworld, so she could spend the other half with her mother (spring and summer).
Greek and Roman mythology used this myth to explain the origins of Spring.
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