/ 21 May 1471 ? 6 April 1528 / A German painter, printmaker and theorist from Nuremberg.
His prints established his reputation across Europe when he was still in his twenties, and he has been conventionally regarded as the greatest artist of the Northern Renaissance ever since. His well-known works include 'Apocalypse' woodcuts, 'Knight, Death and the Devil' / 1513 /, 'Saint Jerome in his Study' / 1514 / and 'Melancolia I' / 1514 /, which has been the subject of extensive analysis and interpretation. His watercolours mark him as one of the first European landscape artist, while his ambitious woodcuts revolutionized the potential of that medium. Duerer's introduction of classic motifs into Northern art, through his knowledge of Italian artists and German humanists, have secured his reputation as one of the most important figures of the Northern Renaissance. This is reinforced by his theoretical treatise, which involve principles of mathematics, perspective and ideal proportions.*