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Yerevan, the capital of Armenia, experienced substantial growth during the postwar period when it was the capital of the Armenian. Due to the c… Read More
Yerevan, the capital of Armenia, experienced substantial growth during the postwar period when it was the capital of the Armenian. Due to the city's very uneven landscape only an underground system could meet all of the criteria to efficiently move large numbers of people around the city. The first plans for a rapid transit system began to be formed in the late 1960s under the auspice of Anton Kochinyan, then the 1st secretary of the Communist Party of Armenia. Initially this was centred on a rapid tram system, rather than a full underground metro system. During this time, the Soviet City Engineering Planning Department clearly stated that a Metro system would only be awarded to cities with more than a population of one million, which Yerevan lacked at the start of construction (1972). Nevertheless, all of the tunnels in which the tram lines were to be built were built with a design that would have allowed a potential conversion into a full underground metro system. By the end of 1978 over 4 km (2.5 miles) of tunnels were already bored through, when the plans were redesigned so that the system would be opened as a full underground metro. Read Less
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