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This proposal is focused on the controversial issue of correctional institutions and rehabilitation. The project accommodates the relocation of a… Read More
This proposal is focused on the controversial issue of correctional institutions and rehabilitation. The project accommodates the relocation of an existing number of Hong Kong inmates on the island of Hei Ling Chau. The proposal challenges traditional scepticism towards reformation of delinquency. It establishes a symbiotic relationship between prisoners and local communities as well as a new approach to the services provided by correctional institutions. The proposal creates a range of conditions from complete isolation to complete integration with the rest of the city. It provides a pleasant environment for the public and for new communities to settle. Overlaid systems of control are applied to hybrid developments, allowing a transitory journey of reformation to take place for inmates. Read Less
Published:
ISLAND OF HAPPY HEALING
Hong Kong


ShortBrief

This proposal is focused on the controversialissue of correctional institutions and rehabilitation. The project accommodatesthe relocation of an existing number of Hong Kong inmates on the island of HeiLing Chau. The proposal challenges traditional scepticism towards reformationof delinquency. It establishes a symbiotic relationship between prisoners andlocal communities as well as a new approach to the services provided bycorrectional institutions. The proposal creates a range of conditions fromcomplete isolation to complete integration with the rest of the city. Itprovides a pleasant environment for the public and for new communities tosettle. Overlaid systems of control are applied to hybrid developments,allowing a transitory journey of reformation to take place for inmates.
BRIEF
   
The intension of this proposal is to focus on the rehabilitation andcorrectional institutions in Hong Kong. The site is in Hei Ling Chau, an islandwith a long history in rehabilitation. It was firstly used in 1950’s as a lepercolony. In 2003 there were plans from Hong Kong government to construct a super-jailby reclaiming a huge area around the island. However there was a greatopposition by local people and the plans were rejected.

The idea is that I take this proposal that was a super-prison, solid,isolated block and distributed around the area. Rehabilitation will be achievedby enabling journeys to be taken through this from conservation to regularsociety in many more steps and the same time respecting the levels of controlneeded. The project will accommodate the relocation of an existing number ofimprisonments. It will also act as a prototype for the remaining institutions.

The proposal consists from the island that is the heart of the programand the floating parts that are the satellites of it. The main idea is to blurthe boundaries between inmates and local people by proposing non-prisonfacilities in the island and prison facilities in local areas around theisland. In the island the communities are organised in urban clusters achievingbetter control and division of the programme as well as social integration.

A vertical system is established in the proposed hybrid developments andan overlay system of control. Inmates follow a journey from complete isolationto complete integration with the rest of community. There are different stagesof security and control ranging from high security to low security.

High security inmates reside on the higher levels, below are mediumsecurity and on the lower levels are the low security inmates. The land byitself is the level of complete integration. However, through the establishedsystem high security inmates have the possibility to progress to lower levelsthrough time.
The idea behind rehabilitation approach is a transitory route thatimposes inmates in a constant journey. Basic aim is the experience of life.Part of the proposal is also to become an attractive and a desirable place fornew “normal” communities.

The system that overlays the hybrid developments is divided into levelsand stages. As they progress they can penetrate to the next level and moretransparency, visibility is given to them.

So the inmates journey can start from the space of a common cell-roomand then move to other spaces such as activities places, interaction withothers, self-progress, training, producing and working.

The public follows its own journey as we follow in our lives.

At the fictional scenario of the proposal the development process ofthose clusters will take place in three periods spreading between 2016 and2020. This is because a gradual growth would be ideal both for the relocationprocess of inmates but also for the development of the clusters. At the finalstage in 2020 the overall population of the island will be 50000 and in anaverage urban cluster 3000 people will reside. 600 out of 3000 will beprisoners. The philosophy of those clusters and of the island as a whole is tobecome a microcosm. A complex and hybrid system of developments will allowjourneys of rehabilitation and ones of everyday life to take place. Along withthe fictional scenario of growth certain rules will apply to the clusters andits dwellings.
Hong Kong _ Urban Intervention
The Site_Growth Scenarios
Hei Ling Chau(Island of Happy Healing) _ Masterplan
Flows of Movement
Urban Cluster
Growth & Urban Rules
Urban Vocabulary
A Constant Journey


The mode of operation of the discipline is based in an alocation of individuals in
space and a TIME distribution in SPACE. The proposed design uses the language of an
architecture of time. The basic aim is the experience of life as if the prison was
a journey, experiental and referiantal. Experiental as the user is sensing the instantand referiental because this present experience is referred to previous or future ones,thus bringing together different moments in time. The design should help in building confidence, self-awareness, trust, co-operation, respect vital capacities when it comes to reforming attidutes and behaviour.

The Levels

After a certain period of time in a prison’s level, the inmates can ‘penetrate’ to the next one and continue the ‘journey’. This implies an analytic space and the necessity of observation, review and assessment mechanisms which demand in their turn different degrees of visibility, transparency.