The concept of atmosphere to architecture suggested the notion of a prevailing ‚mood‘ created through a relationship between the inhabitant and their environment, which can be interpreted that atmosphere has a strong relation to our mind; feeling and memory, it is about familiarity and surroundings. It stimulates people; it feeds imagination; it leads you to new experiences. Based on that sense, this thesis proposes an intuitive approach to prioritize the experience of architectural space and the feeling of atmosphere considered as the starting point of the design. Concluding that an architectural atmosphere is dealing with our brains, a public elementary school is chosen as a unit of study, specifically public elementary schools in Jakarta as a case study.
Jakarta is the capital city of Indonesia. Currently, there are around 1800 public elementary school spreads all over Jakarta. The phenomenon that exists today, almost every public school in Jakarta has a certain typology whereas there is no regulation that restricted it. Those buildings have a specific impression; that is dull and boring as if a school building has to built in that way. However, students in elementary school need a pleasant atmosphere and a better environment for their learning activities and growth.
It is intended that this thesis offer a suggestion as to how atmosphere could be a new parameter in terms of designing a public elementary school in Jakarta, Indonesia. Many students view education as an obligation rather than a privilege which resulting them to fail to fully engage in their studies. Hopefully, by introducing a better atmosphere in a school building, it can help children gain enthusiasm for their academic journey that will affect their attitude towards education, which ultimately could lead to improving their quality of life.
The main idea of a school is a place to learn and to teach. It is not necessarily about certain programs or how wide the corridors are or rules that regulated it.
A school building is mainly about space.
A big space for a lot of people,
a big space for a small group of people,
a small space for a lot of people,
a small space for a few people.
By offering a variety of space and atmosphere, learning process could be done everywhere around the school area.
Atmosphere As An Architectural Experience:
Rethinking Indonesia's Public Elementary School Buildings
Prof. Ivan Kucina
Prof. Dr. Jasper Cepl
Dessau International Architecture
Hochshule Anhalt, Dessau, Germany
© Nurani Pertiwi