Advisor：小林昭世 Akiyo Kobayashi, 吉田愼悟 Shingo Yoshida
Designer：陳品丞 Chen Ping-Chen
Animation：鄭念慈 Cheng Nien-Tzu
Animation BGM：郭瑜 Kuo Yu
Special Thanks：平尾始 Hajime Hirao, 邱子堯 Chiu Tzu-Yao, 游馨婷 Yu Cin-Tin, 周雅萱 Miyabi Shuu
「相」作品分為兩個部分，其一是「心由相生－面貌」，探討單一個體中包含多少性別外在的既定印象，以及既定印象如何反過來構成、定義個體。我藉著銷售網站上「男」、「女」的分類，取其穿戴物各組了「男」、「女」的面孔，再以各半的比例組了骷髏頭，也就是性別再往前回推一個抽象的概念：人類（Human）。而在「森羅萬相－共生」中，我著眼在群體的集合關係，以男、女各50套衣著（穿戴物件）象徵不同的人，製作了100株不同高矮、彎直、大小，像是植物的生命體。以大致的色彩進行10個分類，最終集合為一個多彩的光景。我認為，狹義的性別框架不過是分類的一種，單一個體的身份認同（Identity）應有更多幽微、曖昧的可能性。如同教師/作家Ram Dass在《Self Judgment》中值得玩味的一段話：
When I was enrolled in a master’s degree program at Musashino Art University in Japan in 2016, my mind expanded to encompass a broader scale of thinking on creation and design. Therefore, my graduation project will be an independent creation project created to explore my own means of comprehending the world. Because of my interest in the diversity of human characteristics, which establishes differences among individuals, I will explore the concept of “similarities within differences and differences within similarities.” How can we be similar and simultaneously different? What does “uniqueness” signify? I have examined these questions from numerous perspectives and discovered that people observe similarities and differences in all objects and aspects of life at various levels because of their habits for classification. I employed “subsets” from the mathematical theory of “sets” as my basic theoretical model to demonstrate that all objects form sets in relation to their unique criteria (classification). The elements within each set may overlap or completely differ from one another, and the form of a set of elements is defined according to its judgment criteria. Each element can also vary according to the person, event, location, or time, which subsequently affects an entire set.
Humans are complex beings whose individual characteristics continually vary according to circumstance. Therefore, no “correct” criteria or classifications exist among humans. However, throughout the evolution of human cultures, several criteria and classifications have become uncompromising ideology-driven prerequisites. Gender is one such example. Today, gender is no longer defined according to sex; the number of gender criteria provided on Facebook has reached over 50. Nevertheless, for many people, their thinking is adamantly limited to dichotomy. This is the reason for my interest in the abstract concept of “gender” and my examination of some of the conventional symbols within this context.
The theme of my project is “phase,” which refers to the appearance and apparent behavior of an individual. Clothing and accessories are one of the most crucial factors in the “phase” of each individual as well as being a form of self-expression. In this project, accessories were regarded as basic units of gender, which constitute elements within a set. Two identical sets of accessories may result in different outcomes according to the patterns of their combination. For this project, I collected 3,729 accessories from various websites selling clothing and combined them in various patterns to blur the concepts of male and female gender, thereby expressing the concept of “similarities within differences and differences within similarities” among various sets.
“Phase” comprises two parts. The first part, titled “From Outside to Inside—Appearance,” presents several established symbols of gender and the construction and definition of the individual by these symbols. The accessories were used to form the faces of a man and woman according to their gender classification in the aforementioned sales websites, and the skeletons of the man and woman were assembled at proportions of 50% each to present “humans” as an abstract concept before introducing gender. The second part, titled “From Single to Multiple—Symbiosis ,” focuses on the “set” relationship in a group of people. A group of 50 men and 50 women wearing unique clothing symbols (accessories) formed 100 lifeforms of varying heights, curvatures, and sizes, with diversity similar to that observed in plants. The lifeforms were divided into 10 categories according to color to create a colorful scene. To me, gender is only a type of classification, and subtlety and ambiguity are inherent in the identity of each individual. This reflects the following statements extracted from Self Judgment by Ram Dass:
“When you go out into the woods and you look at trees, you see all these different trees. And some of them are bent, and some of them are straight, and some of them are evergreens, and some of them are whatever. And you look at the tree and you allow it. You appreciate it. You see why it is the way it is. You sort of understand that it didn’t get enough light, and so it turned that way. And you don’t get all emotional about it. You just allow it. You appreciate the tree.
The minute you get near humans, you lose all that. And you are constantly saying ’You’re too this, or I’m too this.’ That judging mind comes in. And so I practice turning people into trees. Which means appreciating them just the way they are.”
《心由相生－面貌 From Outside to Inside－Appearance》
《森羅萬相－共生 From Single to Multiple－Society》