Below are various examples of gilding with 23 karat gold leaf. All work done by Derek McDonald of Golden West Sign Arts.
23 karat gold leaf with genuine abalone shell inlay on glass.
This technique is called "glue chipping" and was popular at the turn of the century. It is a complex process that produced a "golden nugget" effect on glass. The chipped glass is gilded with 23 karat gold leaf.