Disko Bay and the Melting Icebergs of Greenland
In late August 2017 I had the pleasure of spending 10 days in the small but picturesque town of Ilulissat, Greenland.
With its approximately 4500 inhabitants, Ilulissat is the third largest city on Greenland. While there are roads, the distances are short and from one end of the road to the other, there are no more than 6 kilometers; meaning that the area we explore is relatively small.
While it's beautiful to explore this area (especially by boat), I left Greenland with mixed feelings. This is, without doubt, one of the most unique places I've explored and it was great fun but I couldn't help feeling somewhat sad about the situation over there. It was a conversation I had with our captain Kai that stuck with me and made me realize just how much Greenland is changing.
It's one thing to sit behind a computer and read about climate change and global warming but it isn't until you actually visit a place affected by it that you understand the magnitude of it.
Here are some of the scary facts Kai told me about the Ilulissat Glacier and life of Greenland:
- Within the last ten years, the glacier has doubled its speed. Today it moves at a speed of around 40 meters every 24 hours.
- The glacier calves around 46 cubic kilometers of ice every year. If you melted this amount of ice, the resulting amount of water could cover the annual consumption of water in the USA.
- The largest icebergs calved by the glacier are the size of 1.5 cubic kilometers of ice. - - This is the equivalent of 30 football fields covered by a layer of ice as high as Mount Everest. An iceberg of this size could supply the population of Denmark with water for almost seven years!
- The temperature during winter used to be roughly -40c 20 years ago while today it rarely gets colder than -20c.
- Today the highest icebergs are about 25 meters above the water – 10 years ago they were about 90 meters.
Hearing this from a person born and raised in this town and seeing myself just how quickly the glacier moves was frightening. Though it is beautiful to see the ice and scenery change almost on a daily basis, I couldn't help thinking about what that actually means.
I'm just happy that I've been able to visit this place and I can't wait to return again. Who knows, maybe future generations won't be able to see this for themselves...