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    The struggle of indigenous peoples to defend and guarantee the possession of their territories has lasted for five centuries. The Indians follow… Read More
    The struggle of indigenous peoples to defend and guarantee the possession of their territories has lasted for five centuries. The Indians follow in these five centuries, remaking utopia, struggling in many ways to conquer the "land without evils." Read Less
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Indigenous rights

Indigenous peoples have a very special relationship with the land. To occupy it, they do not distribute private titles or lots, occupy it collectively. The land is the possession of all the people. One of the most significant victories in the recent history of the indigenous in Brazil was the conquest of a special chapter in the Brazilian Constitution. Article 231, referring to indigenous rights, recognizes the collective ownership of lands, the meaning of the territory for the cultures of peoples. It states that they are "inalienable and unavailable", that is, they can not be sold, they are not in the service of the market, but the exclusive usufruct of the Indians.The land for the Indian "is its cultural ground, inhabited by its traditions, basic reference of its vital values, pregnant with myths, field of its history" The relationship of the indigenous with their land resembles the way the Hebrew people conceived the promised land. For them, Palestine was not like the other lands, because it was the land of the Promise. Outside that land it was impossible to celebrate the liturgy, the feasts and even sing one of the songs of Zion. In the same way, the indigenous people have their sacred places, spaces of their rituals, manifestation of their beliefs and the strength of their ancestors. The earth is the ground of its history, its culture, its cohesion, its survival.
Vídeo Doc.
Direção: Humberto Capucci e Diego Janatã
Realização: CIMI Maranhão
Produção: Café Cuxá filmes


In this context, the indigenous developed different forms of struggle for land, from claims to public bodies responsible for the indigenous issue, to their own initiatives to recover the invaded land. Thus, the retakes appeared, expression used to designate the territorial reconquest, common practice in the East, Northeast, South and Southeast regions. The act of retaking always implies the direct confrontation of the indigenous with the invader, since the indigenous ownership depends on the expulsion of the one. There is, therefore, a lot of violence against indigenous peoples in these efforts to secure their territories.