• Add to Collection
  • About


    Moscow urban landscape structure. Competition project eVolo'11
Moscow urban landscape structure

Authors: Vladimir Garanin, Eduard Haiman, Philipp Kats.
Huge megapolisof capital city grewed out of its borders long time ago, and, on ideologicaland social levels, merged with its numerous suburbs. But, on the physical levelthere is no such a power to do this: multiline circle autobahn (Moscow CircleRoad), as a scar, mine field, wall, cuts the space onto two parts - inside andoutside. 109 km and 10 rows of autobahn don`t allow residential, recreative,agricultural, commerce and industrial zones to interact and to create some newspaces with a new abilities and properties between. In fact, to cross thisautobahn you need a car... or to fly it over on airplane or copter. Moscow is asome kind of ghetto today.

In our projectwe are trying to review Moscow automobile circle road`s potential. Working inthe third dimension, we made some kind of a new relief for a flat city (max differenceof relief in Moscow – about 60 meters). Space on the both sides surges andmerge above the road, creating, in sum, something new. At the same timestreets, squares, lanes and other human-scale spaces stays in their essence -we save openness and horizontality of them. Common urban environment justlifted up into the third dimension. Interaction of different zones creates theconditions for the emergence of new forms and functions. Those punctureswill be like a buffer stations, new centers, pulling over cultural andinfrastructural content of the city. Some number of those punctures forms a newtype of high-rise complexes, rounding Moscow, as a repetition of Stalins skyscrapers.
The road itselfcovered with a second level. Here will be placed public gardens and parks,absorbing carbon dioxide and producing food, such a necessary thing in thecity. Some of them support ring road gas stations with organic fuel. Thirdlevel rises above gardens, filled with recreations, trade areas and lightpublic transport, connecting all complexes into one network.

Main principle of project`s morphogenesis - preservation of humanistic, horizontal-oriented space inside complex. Space that allowsboth sides of the road to grow in an merge, that will be perceived not as abuilding but as a kind of landscape. Working with potential of road sides, weformed some programmatic, base functional blocks (commerce, residential,office, cultural and public blocks, agricultural, medicine, science andindustrial centers) and special blocks (airports, electrical stations, militarybases, plants, etc.) for each complex, in appropriate to the local situation.
Speciallydeveloped computer algorithm places functional blocks in space and findsshortest but spaced, flat and comfortable paths between blocks to save ahuman-scale space. In fact, complexes designed in a way that it is possible tomove to every point of the complex on foot, on skies or bicycle.

Formed connections in a shorttime will be filled up with a self-organized structure of secondary functions -private residences, housing, common fabric of the city. Open complex structuresuggests permanent continuous development, renovation, growth or wilting of thebuilding. As in a common city, empty spaces will be valued and built by privatedevelopers, renewing and forming environment in a complex.