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Professional Tips for Painting Rooms

If you have never painted a room before, it may seem a bit daunting, but if you take it one step at a time and don’t rush the job you will be delighted with the results.  For every project, follow these steps.

1.  Preparation of the surface
Paint will not adhere do dirt, grease, wax or a shiny surface.  Holes and cracks must be filled and sanded smooth, then the entire surface must be cleaned.  Repair and prepare the surface well, and the rest of the job will go smoothly and your finished effect will have a professional look.

2. Priming
When you have completed the preparation, you will need to apply a coat of primer if (a) you are painting onto raw wood, plaster, or drywall, or (b) if your surface is oil-based, and you are going to be working with water-based paints.  You cannot put water-based paint over an oil-based paint, the paint will not adhere and will peel off when it’s dry.  Here’s a tip on how to judge if your original base coat is oil-based or water-based: Apply a small patch of water-based paint to the wall in question and let it dry overnight; then, with our thumbnail, try to scratch off the paint.  If it lifts off easily, your original base coat is oil, and you will need to apply a coat of primer.

Priming is an important step because it will ensure that you have uniform surface over which to apply the base coat and painted finish.  Refer to the Preparation section for the correct primer to use.  If you haven’t done so already, move furniture and carpets out of the room, and put down painter’s drop cloths.  Give yourself as much space to move around as possible.

3. Base Coat
This is step 1 in the instructions for most of the painted finishes.  You will want to apply two coats of latex paint for best results.  If the walls are white already, you may be tempted to skip the base coat and apply a finish such as color washing right over the old paint.  But remember that you will be using a tinted glaze or diluted paint for the painted effect, and these are translucent, also any dark smudges or lines will show through.

Always work from the top down. By following this method you will avoid dripping onto finished work. Here is the order to follow when Toronto home painting an entire room:
ceiling
walls
doors and trim
floor

4. Painted Finish
Complete the base coats on the ceiling and walls first, then do your painted finish.  If your doors and trim are to be plain paint, apply a fresh coat of paint to these areas when everything else is done.  If you are applying finish to the doors and trim, for example, faux marble or dragging, apply the base cost at the same time as the base coat for the walls.  The last stage will be the painted effect on the door and trim.

The last surface to be painted or stained is the floor.  If the floor needs to be sanded, do this after the walls are painted, as it’s far easier to dust off the finished walls than to protect a newly sanded floor from ladder scrapes and paints drips.

5. Protective Topcoat
You must apply varnish to walls only (a) when diluted water-based paint has been applied as a painted finish, for example colorwashing or fresco, and (b) in high-traffic areas such as hallways, or in rooms with lots of moisture like bathrooms and kitchens.  Unless you want a shiny surface, always apply a matte varnish which is invisible when dry.  It’s there only for protection.  Floors always need three to five protective coats or varnish.  And it is best to leave them for a week after you have finished the job before moving furniture back into the room, so they can dry thoroughly and harden.  They will feel dry to the touch very quickly within a few hours, but the first coat takes several days to cure because varnish dries from the top coat down.

When painting, always work from the top down.
1. Repair and sand all the surface; ceiling, walls, trim, and doors,
2. Prime all areas that have been repaired and any raw surface wood or drywall.
3. Paint and finish ceilings first.
4. Paint base coats and painted effect on walls.
5. When walls are completely dry, paint trim and doors.
6. The last surface to be painted or stained is the floor.

How to Apply Paint

You will want to use a roller to cover large areas.  But begin by “cutting in,” painting a line next to trim and corners with brush.  If you find it difficult to paint a clean edge, then tape off the side you want to protect with a suitable tape.

Don’t overload your brush or roller with paint.  It is easier to avoid drips and brush and roller marks when the paint is thinner.  Although it’s tempting to get the job over with quickly, your surface will be smoother and more perfect with two thin coats rather than one thick coat.

Working in sections of approximately 3 feet by 3 feet, apply paint in parallel bands using slightly crisscrossed strokes so that roller lines are eliminated.  Work from the center of the section out so that the edges aren’t repeatedly being loaded with fresh paint.  Smooth out the paint from the center point toward the edges.

When rolling the ceiling, use a pole extender.  You will be able to avoid drips falling on you, and it’s easier to make long even strokes.

When rolling a floor, work fro on side to the other and move toward the door.

Tape
There are different types of tape available for masking off selected areas you want to protect from paint.

Low-tack painter's tape will not pull off fresh paint when tape is being removed.  You must use pro painters Toronto tape when it is called for in any of the instructions n this book.  It’s reusable, which makes it economical when you are doing a large room, and will give you a professional finish.

Regular masking tape is much stickier than painter’s tape, and is good for protecting the edges of floors or shiny woodwork or glass where the low track painter’s tape will not adhere.

Professional  Tips for Painting Furniture

Before you buy
Secondhand furniture is a great way to furnish a home inexpensively. But make sure any damage is repairable. Paint won’t cover up large gouges and cracks or replace a missing leg.

Prepare Before Painting
Refer to the section on preparing wood furniture before you begin to paint. Note that high-adhesion primers are made to go over shiny surfaces, so there is no need to sand off all the old varnish or paint if it’s is good condition.

Chairs
For best results, turn the chair upside down and paint the legs first, working toward the seat, and then paint the seat bottom.  You can use either a bristle or sponge brush, but a bristle paintbrush will get into crevices and around spindles better.  Once the legs are dry, turn the chair right side up and paint the back, then the seat last.

Chest of Drawers
Take out the drawers and paint them separately. Remove the handles, and fill in the holes if you are replacing the hardware. Either buy new handles or renew the old ones to enhance the new painted finish on the chest.