Tailors' Tower Architectural Rehabilitation
Tailors' Tower Architectural Rehabilitation -
Cluj Urban Cultural Center (collaboration)
Restoration and rehabilitation of a historical monument
* Update: Our project was nominated for the Mies van der Rohe awards, 2011.

Professional status: project architect A.A.U. Cluj
Project team: arh. Adrian Borda
, arh. Eleonora Dulau, arh. Klara Veer, arh. Octavian Ciotlaus
Structural engineering: ing. Georgiana Tirt
Location: Cluj, RO
Year: 2009

Phase: Finished works
The Tailor’s Tower, historically documented from 1475, is the most important building that remained intact after the major demolitions suffered by the medieval fortification of Cluj in the nineteenth century. 

At the beginning of the project, the heritage building was found in a critical conservation status.

Today, the Tailors’ Tower became a major tourist attraction, and regained its symbolic and historical value. 
Before and after (from the same perspective)
During its long existence, the tower suffered successive rebuilding works either as a result of damage, or the need to adapt to the evolution of military technology, or later, its adaptation to modern functions. Being subjected to the continuous degradation processes - due to chronic lack of maintenance and inappropriate interventions and completed in the early '90s, at the beginning of the rehabilitation project, the heritage building was found in a critical conservation status. 
The existing historical substance has been preserved and restored as such, and now it is present as raw in the architectural image of the whole. The design of the new object has been addressed in a quite provocative and ingenious way, aiming to open spectacular interior perspectives in their downward component - upwards, revolving ones, that emphasize spatiality.
Before and after (from the same perspective)
The restoration process involved, among other things:
- the demolition of concrete structures at ground levels, which rendered the building unusable due to their disproportionately large dimensions;
- the rehabilitation of the roof structure and tiles (a former restoration during the 90's that was left unfinished, led to the destruction of the original substance by removing all the strings and leaving the entire wooden roof structure in a precarious balance);
- the removal of the interior plaster, parament rehabilitation, both inside and outside of the building;
- necessary works to protect the building from natural humidity of the earth and storm water protection. 
First floor
Downward view on the first floor and ground floor
The restoration has been accomplished with traditional materials and techniques, while the innovational elements are contemporary; changing the statical system of the roof structure with reinforcing steel components, demolishing the concrete elements of the structure that was added in the 1970's (beams, slabs, stairs) and connecting the modern structure to the historical are also a structural engineering performance. The electrical and heating systems have been carefully concealed: the first is hidden in the stone facing, the latter under the flooring of the groundfloor and in the structure of the balustrades. 
Before and after (from the same perspective)
The project for the building’s rehabilitation, and reintegration into the city’s cultural and touristical route (which involved organizing here a Cultural Center), was designed and developed between 2005-2008 by arch. Adrian Borda and his team, at the initiative of the Transylvanian branch of the Romanian Chamber of Architects, and in collaboration with the Cluj City Council.
In 2007, the City Council took over the building, and agreed to implement the project offered by the Architects’ Chamber and to establish there the Urban Cultural Centre, that is now administered by the City Hall’s Tourist Information Office. 
The Tailors’ Tower – Cluj Urban Cultural Centre was inaugurated in May, 15, 2009.
An exhibition and a round table were organised on that day by the same partners (the project architects, The Chamber of Architects and the City Council). The exhibition intended to reveal to the public, in an acesible language, the entire process that led to the Revitalisation of the monument. As the First Cultural event of the new Urban Cultural Center the exhibition was visited by 460 people on the first day only.
Old postcard with the unused tower - from 1940
Photos: Virgil Pop, Vakarcs Lorand, Eliza Ciortea, Georgiana Tirt, Marius Moga, Klara Veer.
Tailors' Tower Architectural Rehabilitation

Tailors' Tower Architectural Rehabilitation

The Tailor’s Tower, historically documented from 1475, is the most important building that remained intact after the major demolitions suffered b Read More