Furniture jati Jepara as a center for industrial design has penetrated carving on a national scale and international. Jepara is better known as a center for industrial design and furniture carved in Indonesia. Industrial product design Jepara carving long been known by people outside Jepara it successfully entered the international arena of world trade since the 1990s.The Government of Jepara, Central Java, strengthen regional identity as "The World Carving Center" or center of the world carved by mapping and developing the potential of the regions. It aims to attract investors, buyers from home and abroad, as well as domestic and foreign tourists.
Production of furniture and ukiran Jepara carving design that has penetrated the export destinations get a positive appreciation from consumers in other countries, among others: Asia, Western Europe and America. Management of Jepara carving design industry was able to attract foreign investors to invest venture capital in Jepara.
In the annals of the development of woodcarving also cannot be separated from the role of Queen Kalinyamat. During her reign she had a governor named "SunggingBadarduwung" emanating from the State CampaPatih proved an expert chisel who volunteered to teach skills to the local community. The evidence of which can still be seen on the sculpture during the reign of Queen Kalinyamat are their ornament carved stone at the mosque Mantingan.
In addition, the role of RadenAjengKartini in developing the art of carving is also very large. RadenAjengKartini who sees the life of the craftsmen did not move out of poverty, inner disturbed, so she was determined to uplift the artisans. He called several craftsmen from Rear Mount (now one village hamlets mulyoharjo) to make engraving on the back of the region.
The craftsmen were asked to make various kinds of carvings, such as crates stitching, ketch tables, frames, ashtrays, jewelry, and other souvenir items by RadenAjengKartini. These items are then sold RadenAjengKartini to Semarang and Batavia (now Jakarta), so it became known that the people of Jepara are intelligent to carve.
After many orders are coming, the result of increased production of the Jepara craftsmen, RadenAjengKartini also began to introduce Jepara carving and furniture out of the country. RadenAjengKartini givessome souvenirs to his relatives abroad. Consequently carving continues to grow and orders continue to come. All of sale of goods, after deducting production costs and postage, the money handed over intact to the craftsmen.
To support the development of Jepara carving and furniture that has been initiated by RadenAjengKartini, in 1929 raised the idea of some natives to establish a vocational school. Right at the date of July 1, 1929, with majors’ carpentry school furniture and carved open by the name of "OpenbareAmbachtsschool" which later evolved into the State Technical School and then became the State School of Handicraft Industry.Within this school to be taught a variety of designs and decorative motifs carved Indonesia is initially not known by the people of Jepara.
To improve the quality of Human Resources, for example, is done through high school education Handicraft Industry Affairs and Technology Academy Timber and non-formal education through courses and exercises. With the progressive increase in the quality of human resources is expected not only to spur quality products, but also boost the capability of the craftsmen and entrepreneurs Jepara in the reader market opportunities with all the demand.
After experiencing a change of crafts into a craft industry, especially when viewed in terms of social, economic, Jepara wood carving continues to progress rapidly, so Jepara earn the title as the city of carving, after successfully mastering the national market. However, due to the dynamic development of the economy, we need special tips to break through the international market. To expand this market is open only being done through exhibitions, but also made arrangements in the area. The increasing carving patterns controlled by the craftsmen Jepara. Traders began to take advantage of this opportunity, to get new items to meet consumer demand, both located in abroad.
Improved product quality and quality control has become an obsession Jepara in entering the international market, which aims to increase the confidence of overseas against the Jepara industrial products. Because of the quality control system with reference to international standards is a thing that cannot bargain again. In addition, the expansion and intensification of the market continue to be done in order to increase exports and international market expansion with the variousproducts that has the potential, as well as increased market intelligence to obtain transportation overseas markets. Thus entrepreneurs can accurately and quickly anticipate the opportunities and challenges that exist on the international market.
Meanwhile the network continues to do through the effectiveness information functions and activities of the buyer in Jepara. Conceptual steps that are performed continuously been fruitful success of that impact is felt by the people of Jepara, by increasing the prosperous. From the existing data can be used as a mirror, carved furniture sector's success in the last five years.