A spearhead blade fixed on top of the central staff flanked by metal buds on either sides, while smaller spearhead blades fixed on the cross-bar usually flank the central one.
these Gehwaras have no specific shape, in old days they were mostly made of wood and decorated with net clothes and baubles, the metal made gehwaras with glidings, however, have gained much popularity in last few years.
The Zuljinnahs are always covered with expensive chadors made of velvet or silk, which are ornamented with gold or silver sequins.
During Ashura they are covered with black banners of different sizes and shapes, the banners have a lot of calligraphy written in white as well as embroidered with neon color threads, this text glorifies the personalities of the household of Muhammad. The centre of the Nakhl has an image of the Shrine of Hussain. The decorations are made with mirrors, daggers and Alams.
The Zuffah of Qasim includes higly adorned Tashts (trays) and platters which are ornamented with different frills and gilds.
A tasht has candles of different kinds, colorful baubles, fresh flowers, mirrors and sweets.
The modern form of Alam has elements from the Alams of different eras.
In Hyderabad Deccan the oldest Alam is known as “Bibi Ka Alam”. It’s Panja is made of gold and it is decorated with blings and flowers.The Amrohavi form of Alam is known as “Talwaar ka Alam”, this Alam seems like a spear and it is decorated with expensive flowers and dry fruits.
Lakhnawi Alam or more commonly known as the Indian Alam is comprised of a Panja which is made of Silver and a plaque called Patka, this Patka is made of famous Indian cloth ‘Jamawaar’, it is also embroided with silver thread.