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    A series of posters depicting the creation myths of 10 African tribes from Kenya
    Published:
POSTER 01:
NGAI NAROK and NGAI NANYOIKE
10 GODZ poster series
 
 Enkai (others insist on the name Ngai) is the creator of the world, and using a tree, he created the humans. He split the tree into three parts. One of the parts became the father of the Maasai, and he was given a stick for animal herding.
 From the other two parts the fathers of Kikuyu and Kamba. Kikuyu was given a hoe for agriculture and Kamba was given a bow and arrow for hunting.
 The God from the Maasai, Ngai, which is no male or female, is believed to have various aspects, but there are two very important manifestations: One of them is benevolent and good, called Ngai Narok, which is color black, while the other, that is color red, angry is know as Ngai Na-Nyokie.
 Ngai (that means sky) was one with Earth and owned all the cattle. One day Sky and Earth split from each other, and because of this, Ngai was no longer among them, taking the cattle with him up to the sky, But the cattle needed sustenance of grass from Earth in order to survive, so Ngai decided to send the cattle to Earth. The Maasai people and the cattle walked down from the sky and were asked by Ngai to take care of the cattle. This is why the Maasai are the owners of all the cattle.
Reference:
Roberto. Maasai creation myth. http://www.read-legends-and-myths.com/maasai-creation-myth.html
 
POSTER 02:
MUKURWE WA GATHANGA
10 GODZ poster series
 
 The power that wields the instruments of life and death was mostly associated with Ngai (God) who lived at Kirinyaga (Mount Kenya)... Through him the Kikuyu justify their existence:
    In the beginning Ngai, who is the God and the divider or the universe, called Gikuyu the father of the tribe. Ngai gave Gikuyu a share of his land with rivers, valleys, forests rich with fruits and animals of all types. Then Ngai went to stay on Kirinyaga.
    Now Ngai used to go round inspecting and admiring the beautiful earth.
    'One day He took Gikuyu on top of Kirinyaga. It was on the highest point of the mountain. He showed Gikuyu a spot in the centre of the country where there were many mugumo (wild fig) trees. Gikuyu saw that the land was very beautiful. And Ngai said to Gikuyu, 'Go. Build your homestead on that spot with mugumo trees,' and he called the selected place where the mugumo trees grew Mukurwe wa Gathanga.
    Then Ngai said: 'You will at times be in need of my help, when the time arises, slaughter a goat for sacrifice, then raise your hands towards Kirinyaga and Ngai or Kirinyaga and Gikuyu will come to your help.'
    Gikuyu went to the chosen spot. Here he found a beautiful woman whom he took to wife. He named her Mumbi (Moulder or Creator). They had nine daughters - they did not have any sons. Now Gikuyu went to Ngai and said that he wanted sons to marry his daughters. Ngai said: "Go, take a lamb and a kid. Kill these under the big mugumo tree near the homestead and the blood and the fat pour them on the trunk of the tree. Let the family make a big fire under the tree. The meat will burn as a sacrifice to Ngai or Gikuyu. When you take your wife and daughters home, go back alone to the mugumo tree. There you will find nine very handsome men who are willing to marry your daughters. Then your people will increase and multiply and fill all the land."
Reference:
Jens Finke. The Kikuyu creation myth. http://www.bluegecko.org/kenya/tribes/kikuyu/stories-creation.htm
 
POSTER 03:
ROCK AT NZAUI
10 GODZ poster series
 
 In the beginning, Mulungu created a man and a woman. This was the couple from heaven and he proceeded to place them on a rock at Nzaui where their foot prints, including those of their livestock can be seen to this day. Mulungu then caused a great rainfall. From the many anthills around, a man and a woman came out. These were the initiators of the ‘spirits clan’- the Aimo. It so happened that the couple from heaven had only sons while the couple from the anthill had only daughters.
Naturally, the couple from heaven paid dowry for the daughters of the couple from the anthill. The family and their cattle greatly increased in numbers. With this prosperity, they forgot to give thanks to their creator. Mulungu punished them with a great famine. This led to dispersal as the family scattered in search of food. Some became the Kikuyu, others the Meru while some remained as the original people, the Akamba.
Reference:
http://kwekudee-tripdownmemorylane.blogspot.co.ke/2014/06/kamba-people-intelligent-brave-skillful.html
 
POSTER 04:
AKUJ
10 GODZ poster series
 
For the Turkana, the 'above' is a world divided between Akuj (God) or Akuj Nameri (God of the Stars) and Nipen or Ngiapan (spirits). Animal sacrifices are made both to Akuj and the spirits, so as to placate them at times of drought, famine, flooding, animal epidemics or any other disaster beyond human control.
There's one supreme God - Akuj - who is associated with the sky, and who can be addressed through prayer or through intermediaries such as diviners and living-dead ancestors. Like most people living in dry lands, the Turkana associate God with the provision or non-provision of rain. If God is happy, he will give rain. But if he is angry with the people, he will withhold it.
    His plans can be 'read' by "dreamers", and he can be called upon in times of need or during important ritual life-stages such as birth, the confirmation of marriage, and in death. At other times, little concern is given to his existence, as indeed the Turkana believe that God pays little heed to them, and this to such an extent that he sometimes needs to be reminded of their existence.
    Akuj resides in the sky, or else is the sky itself. Akuj also lives near the tops of mountains, particularly those responsible for rain. Akuj, however, is neither thunder nor lightning, for the Turkana know that there can be lightning without rain, but there cannot be rain without Akuj.
    The word Akuj (Akuji, or Kuj) itself derives from the same root as the words for 'up' or 'above' (nakuj means sky or heavens). As the provider of rain, Akuj is thus a benevolent force, although also both the giver and taker of life. The Turkana have no God-centred creation myth as such, but Akuj's role as rain giver, and thus life-giver, is commonly misconstrued by some ethnologists to mean that he is also the Creator.
 
Reference:
Bluegecko http://www.bluegecko.org/kenya/tribes/turkana/beliefs.htm
Anthony J. Barrett. Sacrifice and Prophecy in Turkana Cosmology (1998; Paulines publications)
 
POSTER 05:
MAIRURA AND BOISABI
10 GODZ poster series
 
There is an allusion to an island in an ancient elaborate prayer to God.  There is also an allusion, in the same prayer, to Father Mairura and mother Boisabi.  According to mama Rhoda Nyansuku Mironga, a traditional priestess and diviner, mairura and Boisabi are parents of mogusii and almost all the black people.  They came into being in an island in a river. Engoro, (God) who is only mentioned in a special traditional prayer by various praise names, gave rise to the couple and blessed them with many children.  The eldest of them was mosoba, Mogusii’s eldest brother. Mairura and Boisabi died and were buried in the island – the cradle of mankind.  From this island people spread and filled the earth.
 
Reference:
getumaevan.blogspot.com  by EVANS M. GETUMA
 
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