BOLT - mobile lightning protective shelter
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    The project aims at increasing the safety of people caught out in the open during a thunderstorm. The tents are made of ultralight materials and … Read More
    The project aims at increasing the safety of people caught out in the open during a thunderstorm. The tents are made of ultralight materials and thus meet the needs of those practicing many different kinds of outdoor recreation. They can be put up fast and are easy to carry around. mThey also protect against unfavourable weather conditions accompanying thunderstorms, for example rain and wind. Bechalor's degree diploma/Jan Matejko Academy of Fine Arts in Cracow, supervisor: PhD Michał Kracik. Tests: Department of High Voltages and Electromagnetic Compatibility of Warsaw University of Technology. Read Less
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A few thousand people get struck by lightning every year. About 96 % of those killed and injured are people
out in the open. The majority of them are people participating in outdoor activities such as hiking and camping. Many accidents in the mountains can be ascribed to the panic brought about by spectacular lightning that generates extreme fear among tourists. It is estimated that there are a few times more victims indirectly linked to discharges than those struck directly. The project aims at increasing the safety of people caught out in the open during a thunderstorm. The tents are made of ultralight materials and thus meet the needs of those practicing many different kinds of outdoor recreation. They can be put up fast and are easy to carry around. They also protect against unfavourable weather conditions accompanying thunderstorms, for example rain and wind.
BOLT HALF
A lightweight (1,2 kg) tent with full lightning protection* for day-long trips, indispensable in difficult situations brought by a sudden change of weather conditions (a thunderstorm, downpour, wind). Due to its size, the tent can be put up in seemingly unsuitable places, like a ledge, ridge etc.
*direct and ground strike (step voltage)
BOLT ONE
A lightweight, compact, one-person tent with full lightning protection* for longer trips of a few days.
*direct and ground strike (step voltage)
BOLT AIR
An ultra-lightweight, pneumatic tent with a groundsheet protecting from injuries due to step voltages (the most common way people are struck by lightning). Just like Bolt-Half, thanks to its size, it can be quickly and easily put up in places unsuitable for standard tents. It is designed for day-long trips where additional weight would be burdensome.
BOLT FAMILY
TESTS
HIGH VOLTAGE GENERATOR
The tent underwent high voltage tests with discharges produced by an impulse voltage generator. An electrode imitating a tourist's head had been placed in the tent. The estimated voltage depended on the distance between the tent and the end of the electrode and varied between 400 kV and 1MV.
CURRENT GENERATOR TEST
A high current generator was used to check the tent's durability. A series of electrical discharges with different peak current values were directed at the top of the frame of poles.
TESTS RESULTS
Some scorching appeared at the pole joints due to the very high temperatures reached at those points. This is explained by their relatively high contact resistance. The stakes, which laid freely on the laboratory floor during the tests, melted to some extent. Again, it was a result of the high temperatures generated at those points during the discharges. The dramatic increase of the temperature in the short period of time resulted in sparks, i.e. particles of hot aluminum. The peak current was comparable to that occurring in lightning – statistically, it varies between 30 and 40 kA, though higher values (more than 200 kA) have been also reported.