King Augustus II the Strong (1670 – 1733), Elector of Saxony, King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania - is one of my favourite rulers, from my upcoming series of Saxon-Polish rulers.
Augustus' great physical strength earned him the nicknames "the Strong", "the Saxon Hercules" and "Iron-Hand." He liked to show that he lived up to his name by breaking horseshoes with his bare hands and engaging in fox tossing by holding the end of his sling with just one finger while two of the strongest men in his court held the other end.
As Elector of Saxony, he is perhaps best remembered as a patron of the arts and architecture. He established the Saxon capital of Dresden as a major cultural centre, attracting artists from across Europe to his court. Augustus also amassed an impressive art collection and built lavish baroque palaces in Dresden and Warsaw.He was fascinated with the porcelaine (china), was an avid collector of it, developed the formula for the first European hard-paste porcelain and established the first European manufacture of porcelain, in Meissen in 1708.
*AR - Augustus Rex (lat. Augustus the King)
**La maladie de porcelaine - fr. "the porcelaine illness", with that term, the King's craze for porcelaine is named.