The city is located on a hilltop elevation of 1885m, in the eastern of the Ethiopian highlands near border with somaliland.
For centuries, Harar has Been a major commercial center, linked by the trade routes with the rest of Ethiopia, the entire Horn of Africa, the Arabian Peninsula, and, through its ports, the outside world.
now harar is famous for its old town surrounded by ancient walls "Harar Jugol" has been listed in the World Heritage by UNESCO. It is "Considered 'the fourth holy city' of Islam" with nearly 100 mosques and 102 shrines, There is also the tomb of Emir Nur bin Mujahid It was he who was responsible for the construction of the great wall (Jugal) around Harar for defensive purpose, This structure Becomes the towns' most important features ....
inside the walls there is the house of French poet Arthur Rimabud.
is also famous for the cultivation of delicious coffee and qat (a local drug) exported all over the Horn of Africa including Yemen and often even in some states where it is legal in europe.