This 20" x 30" graphic panel communicates the evolution of London's sewer system. It begins with the population explosion during the industrial revolution which resulted in unsanitary urban residences and Cholera outbreaks. This caused "The Great Stink" during the summer of 1858 which was so unbearable 
that parliament (which sits on the bank of the Thames River) had to close down. Needless to say, they 
quickly passed legislation which gave Bazalgette the go-ahead to build a combined sewer system under 
the city which still functions to this day. 


On this supplemental graphic panel, tactful visuals tell the story of the evolution of the flush toilet. 
From chamber pots and cesspits to the modern porcelain throne, the toilet underwent a fascinating 
evolution of form. Alongside this story is the evolution of toilet paper, another modern convenience 
we take for granted. The story ends with the modern toilet which goes full circle, disposing of 
toilet paper completely.