No.93 Community Design and Building丨社区设计与营造


The meaning of the term “community” is a group of people gathered together based on a common lifestyle, culture, and interest. Community sometimes could be invisible, but it is closely connected to people’s daily life. It is the presentation of their lifestyles and also a kind of identity representation. However, the existence and importance of “community” in real life have been gradually forgotten and ignored. In cities, Internet social and busy working life have estranged neighbors, and the “community” has become nothing more than a common living area. In rural areas, as the outflow of the population is “hollowing” villages, the once lively and active village tribes are no longer vigorous, and villages full of local characteristic culture are gradually being overwhelmed by modern civilization and urban culture.

Community design and building is to activate a community and to create unique social values through design and art. It is to re-awaken and strengthen the collective cohesion between residents, and to think about how life should be together with the residents. The needs of modern people for community life can no longer be satisfied by mere public space and architectural design, nor is merely making nice public areas for residential places enough to keep a community alive. What community design and building needs to do is to increase the diversity and uniqueness of community life, constructing a way of life that people yearn for. Such construction is done from the bottom up with the residents as the foundation and should have its own individuality due to differences in regional culture. Therefore, community design and building emphasizes the subjectivity and locality of residents, which means that residents must have sufficient participation and voice in it. On the other hand, designers should design and create local communities based on differences in culture and living habits in the area to create a unique neighborhood charm. This kind of community design can develop a sense of identity and belonging in residents, stimulate their autonomy and subjectivity in future community building activities, and allow the community to operate and develop everlastingly.


社區一詞,意味著人們因生活、共同文化和興趣而聚集在一起。它似乎并不可見,卻與人們的日常生活緊密聯繫。它是人們生活方式的呈現,也代表著一種身份認同。然而,現實生活中“社區”的存在和重要性卻逐漸被人們遺忘和忽略。在城市當中,互聯網社交與都市人早出晚歸的忙碌生活讓人們與鄰里之間的關係變得越來越陌生,“社區”對人們來說也只是一個共同的居住區域。而在鄉村,人口的外流導致鄉村出現“空心化”的現象,使往日熱鬧活躍的鄉村部落活力不再,飽含本土特色文化的鄉村也逐漸被現代文明與都市文化而淹沒。

社區設計與營造是通過設計與藝術活化社區和創造社區獨特的社會價值,重新喚醒和強化居民之間的集體凝聚力,並與居民一起構思他們如何生活。單純的公共空間與建築設計已經無法滿足現代人們對社區生活的需求,僅僅對居住場所的公共區域進行美化也不足以讓社區保持活力。它更需要通過增加社區生活的多樣性與獨特性,建構人們嚮往的生活方式。而這種生活方式的建構,是自下而上地圍繞社區居民展開,並因地域文化的差異而具有個性。因此,社區設計與營造強調居民的主體性與地方性。這意味著社區居民在社區設計與營造當中要有足夠的參與度與話語權。另一方面,設計師要根據不同社區中文化與生活習慣的區別設計和營造具有地方性的社區,打造獨特的街區魅力。這樣的社區設計能構築居民對社區的認同感與歸屬感,激發居民在後續的社區營造活動中的自主性與主體性,讓社區能長久地運轉和發展。
45° Lab實驗場
DESIGN LIFESTYLE WITH RESIDETS

Images form SHIBAURA HOUSE,Shajing Ancient Fair,aranya,Great South Slope Plan,Yiiie,AGUA Design,Acts and Pathways,MUME DESIGN
圖片來自芝浦家、沙井古墟新生項目、阿那亞、大南坡計劃、一介、水越設計、活絡、無名營造社
90° Trail 行跡丨Design in Greece
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180° Feature 專題丨Community Design and Building丨社区设计与营造

# Community Design and Building — Activate Community by Design

-沙井古墟新生
-大南坡計劃
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# Community Design and Building — Design Action

-無名營造社
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225° The Communication of Risograpy Culture | Riso文化全球流行時

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270° Designer’ Self-initiated Project | 設計師的自主項目

-黄河山
Publication Info

Chief Editor & Design Director: Joshua Wang
主編及設計總監:Joshua Wang
Associate Chief Editor: Hyde Ou
副主編:歐海泉
Editorial Consultants: Xiao Yong / Chen Nan / Jiang Hua / Hei Yiyang
編輯顧問:肖勇 / 陳楠 / 蔣華 / 黑一烊
Design Assistants: Nan / Human Mar 
設計助理:董南逸 / 麥曉雯 
Coordinator & Flowcharting: Yuer Bi
統籌與流程:畢玉兒
Editors: Lauren Luo / Yuer Bi / Xintong Lun / Naomi Chen
編輯:羅咏詩 / 畢玉兒 / 倫欣彤 / 陳欣琪
Sales Assistant:Xiuwen Ren
雜誌銷售:任秀文


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No.93 Community Design and Building
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