Physiotherapy When Pregnant: All you Need to Know
To some, pregnancy could be one hell of a burden, hence requires informed procedures, while to others, it is just another procreation process every woman needs to undergo. Whichever way you choose to put it, the point remains that pregnancy is not a sickness in humans, even with all the complications that sometimes come with it.
Just as you need your doctor to constantly run a check-up on you throughout this period, you also need your physiotherapist to guide you through physical therapy that will keep you healthy throughout this time. The point is, you need a physiotherapist during and after childbirth. The hormone level that supports the process of childbirth causes the ligaments to soften, thus, becomes even more stretchy during a woman’s pregnancy stage, and it remains like that for up to 6 months.
Not just that, the muscles at the pelvic floor and the tummy stretch with the baby’s birth and growth. So, when the joints don’t get as much support they needed, the possibility of sustaining injuries on your pelvis becomes very high. Engaging in some physical therapy during pregnancy is as important as going for antenatal.
It goes a long way to help you solve the problem associated with discomfort, for example, back pain. Such physiotherapeutic procedures make it possible for the expecting mother to have smooth childbirth. Many pregnant women today think that physiotherapy is required only when they have given birth, but the truth is that it is even more helpful during pregnancy. Below, we have listed some of the ways physiotherapy can help solve some of the common problems associated with women during pregnancy.
1. Lower Back Pain
This is one of the commonest conditions pregnant women experience, it increases after their third trimester. This is so because the center of gravity usually shifts because of the size of the stomach, and to treat this, you need both passive and manual physiotherapy procedures, postal education, back support, and of course Pilates exercises.
2. Pain in the Sacroiliac Joints
The most affected joints are the ones in the lower region of the back. For some, the pain is specifically channeled at the buttock area, and again, excessive hormones are released. Because of the excessive release of hormones, your body’s connective tissues relax for the muscles to stretch, also assist in child delivery.
3. Urinary Incontinence
Urinary incontinence happens due to the weakness of the pelvic floor, and this can be attributed to the changes in hormones; the muscles connected to the pelvic floor relax, getting it ready for delivery. Mind you, these muscles can weaken during childbirth, thereby leading to urinary incontinence. Physiotherapists will help you strengthen the pelvic floor muscles using Pilates-based exercise which will go along the way in reducing the weakness of the muscles.
This happens due to the continuous pressure on the sciatic nerve, if not properly checked can lead to weakness, backache, tinging, and numbness in the leg. With the presence of a physiotherapist, stretching exercises or other manual therapy are introduced to bring relief.
5. Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
This is possible because of the accumulation of excess fluid in the carpal tunnel of the wrist which often leads to swelling. Some likely symptoms include numbness, pain, tingling, and excessive coordination in the fingers and hands. A physiotherapy procedure like strengthening exercises, mobilization, making use of electric modalities, and stretching help in reducing these symptoms.
Finally, it is important to state that physiotherapeutic procedures are needed during pregnancy as well as it is important after childbirth. Also remember that since you are pregnant, you have to be extra careful while on this type of therapy, as any minor accident can lead to complications.