SIDOR Main Service and Dining Center
1976 / 1980 - Main Service and Dining Center of Siderúrgica del Orinoco C.A.
Ciudad Guayana, Bolivar State, Venezuela
Commissioned by: Siderurgica del Orinoco SIDOR (Venezuela’s principal steel producer)
Floor Area: 16,200 m2 - Capacity: 4,000 meals/hour
 
Awards: “South Region Prize” at the VIII Architecture National Biennial of Venezuela, 1987.
Exhibited at: "LATIN AMERICA IN CONSTRUCTION, ARCHITECTURE 1955-1980" Museum of Modern Art - MoMA New York, NY. From March 29 to July 19, 2015. View article in ART IN AMERICA: Five Points with Barry Bergdoll http://www.artinamericamagazine.com/news-features/previews/five-points-with-barry-bergdoll/
"LA PIEL en la Arquitectura" (The Skin in Architecture), Los Espacios Cálidos Gallery, Ateneo de Caracas, Venezuela.
 
Key Collaborators:
Chief Architect: Jorge Rigamonti
Collaborating Architects: Lydia Voloschin and Marcos Otero
Project Management: VEPICA and Arthur McKee & Co. (Chicago, USA)
Structural Engineering: Francisco Seara
Electrical Engineering: Pedro Ustariz
Plumbing Engineering: Pascual Lavieri
Mechanical Engineering: Rafael Salcedo
 
Synopsis
 
Located at the Administrative Center of SIDOR (Venezuela’s leading steel producer), the multifunctional building was designed to serve 3,800 meals per hour in the dining room, while also providing workers with a variety of other services such as: coffee shops, banks, a pharmacy, and a travel agency. The building was designed to avoid the huge dining rooms commonly found in large companies. It creates a system of smaller peripheral rooms, integrated to a core central food distribution station, which shortens the distance traveled by both the users and the personnel handling the food. All dining rooms were planned so that users would enjoy the view of the steel plant, through the abundant tropical vegetation, which would be sown in exterior-mounted large prefabricated boxes.

The structure of the central dining room and the enclosures of the circulation areas were made of "Mayari-type" stainless steel that requires no painting or later maintenance. The enclosing elements, with a “V” shape, were specially designed for the local climate, are lightweight, and allow the mitigated access of light and breeze, while preventing the passage of rain. These enclosures along with the hanging vegetation in the prefabricated boxes, give the building a unique personality, that along with its natural dark brown oxide color, produce a pleasant sensation that contrasts with the neighboring buildings that excessively reflect the intense tropical sun.

The building construction started in 1976, but by 1979, with the end of the Carlos Andrés Pérez presidency, construction was halted and the building was left abandoned.
 
 
Sinopsis (En Español) - Comedor Central de la Siderúrgica del Orinoco C.A.
 
Ubicada en el Centro Administrativo de SIDOR (la principal productora de acero en Venezuela), la edificación plurifuncional estaba destinada a servir alimentos a 3.800 comensales por hora en el comedor, y prestar además variados servicios para los empleados y obreros de la Siderúrgica, entre los cuales: cafeterías, entidades bancarias, enfermería, farmacia, y agencia de viajes. La edificación fue diseñada evitando las enormes salas de comedor, tan comunes en las grandes empresas. Se prefirió crear un sistema de pequeñas salas, integrables y periféricas a un núcleo central de distribución de alimentos preparados, donde los recorridos sean cortos, tanto para los usuarios como para el personal que maneja los alimentos. Todas las salas de comer fueron previstas para poder disfrutar de la vista de la planta siderúrgica, matizada a través de abundante vegetación tropical, la cual se sembraría en enormes jardineras prefabricadas.
 
La estructura del Comedor Central y los cerramientos de los espacios de circulación, fueron realizadas en acero tipo “Mayari” que tiene la particularidad de no necesitar pintura ni mantenimiento. Los elementos de cerramiento, fueron diseñados con una forma en “V” especialmente para las condiciones climáticas del lugar, son livianos y permiten un paso mitigado de la luz y la brisa, y a la vez evitan totalmente el paso de la lluvia. Estos cerramientos junto con la vegetación colgante en las jardineras prefabricadas, dan a la edificación una personalidad propia que con su coloración natural marrón óxido oscuro, producen una sensación agradable contrastando con las edificaciones vecinas, que reflejan en exceso el intenso sol tropical.

La construcción del edificio se inició en 1976, pero para 1979, al finalizar la presidencia de Carlos Andrés Pérez, la obra fue paralizada y el edificio abandonado.
Internal View of the buildings enclosing V-shaped Mayari steel elements, which allow the mitigated access of light and breeze, while preventing the passage of rain.
External View of the building façade
External View of one of the four Staircase Modules
External View of the brise soleils and the large prefabricated boxes for tropical Plants (from north-west)
External View of the building (from north-west) after the construction had been halted
External View of the building (from south-east) during construction
External View of the building (from south-west) after the construction had been halted
External View of the abandoned building (from north-east) years after the construction had been halted
Axonometric View Drawing of the Building (from north-west), showing the logo of SIDOR on the top, which is also an heliport.
Floor Plan Drawing of the Building's Ground Floor, showing the industrial kitchen, and areas for coffee shops, banks, pharmacy, and travel agency, among others.
Floor Plan Drawing of the Building's First Floor showing the core central food distribution station and the peripheral dining rooms.
Floor Plan Drawing of the Building's Second Floor
Preliminary Conceptual Sketch of a Side of the Building
SIDOR Main Service and Dining Center
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SIDOR Main Service and Dining Center

1976 / 1980 – Main Service and Dining Center of Siderúrgica del Orinoco C.A. - SIDOR (Venezuela’s principal steel producer) Ciudad Guayana, Bolív Read More
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