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[Qatar National Day] State of Qatar celebrates National Day
Qatar is a small country located on the west coast of the Arabian Gulf with an area of 11,700 square kilometers and a 먹튀검증업체 population of approximately 2.7 million. Due to its strategic maritime location, Qatar was inhabited by old civilization which had trade and cultural contacts with Indian, Persian and Mes-opotamia civilizations. According to Danish archaeological excavations team who made discoveries of ruins in the North of Qatar, it is believed that the peninsula was inhabited in 4,000 B.C. It flourished as a trade center and crossover for commercial caravans in the region./
His Excellency Mohammed Ahmad Al-Hayki, Ambassador of the State of Qatar to the Republic of Korea

Like many other countries, Qatar had its share during its journey throughout history. Local and re-gional tribal leaders clashed each other's for the control of Qatar and foreign powers like the Portu-guese, the Ottomans and the British all competed and sought to have presence on the peninsula due to its wealth and strategic maritime location. Qatar entered a period of insecurity and instability until the mid of the 19th century when Sheikh Mohammed Bin Thani successfully managed to rally Qataris under his leadership.

He was succeeded by his son, Sheikh Jassim Bin Mohammed Bin Thani who consolidated the unifi-cation of Qatar and laid the foundation of the modern State of Qatar which marked the beginning of a new era in the history of the State of Qatar.

Today marks a very important occasion in the history of Qatar. On Dec. 18 every year, Qataris proud-ly celebrate the National Day in commemoration of the founding of the State of Qatar by the founder Sheikh Jassim Bin Mohammed Bin Thani who unified Qatari tribes under his leadership and laid the foundation of the modern State of Qatar to becoming a single coherent and unified country on Dec. 18, 1878, the day which marks the succession of Sheikh Jassim Bin Mohammed Bin Thani who ruled from 1878 to 1913. The slogan of this year National Day is (Al Maalli Kayda), which means the path of excellence is difficult. The slogan is inspired from a poem by the founder in his son Sheikh Joaan which gives a clear picture of a whole generation of Qatari youth during the founding period. The slo-gan reflects the belief of successive generation youth that the path of excellence is difficult.

Throughout its history, Qatar and its people have been blessed with natural resources such as pearls, oil and gas which provided them with excellent living standards and well-being.

The abundance of these natural resources and Qatar Strategic location brought serious challenges but Qataris have always been prepared to face challenges whether from natural disaster or economic challenges such as the pearls depression or military and security threats.

From 1851 to the blockade of 2017, these challenges were confronted with wisdom, morals and ethi-cal values and well organized successful diplomacy.

On July 17, 1913, Sheikh Jassim Bin Mohammed Bin Thani passed away to be followed by successive rulers who contributed to the development and modernization of Qatar. H.H. The Father Amir Sheikh Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani is considered as one of the most historical leaders of Qatar and the founder of its current modern revival. During his rule, Qatar has reached high status regionally and internationally with vast social, economic, cultural and political development. GDP grew by more than 24 times and GNP grew by more than six times. Total added value of hydrocarbons jumped from $3 billion to more than $110 billion and the energy sector has drastically developed where Qatar be-came the biggest exporter of LNG in the world with a current total production of 77 million metric tons annually. Qatar is also producing crude oil of 760,000 B/PD.

H.H. The Father Amir Sheikh Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani started new plans of development, reformation and modernization. His plans were visionary and foresighted and included education, health, sports, culture, information and media and infrastructure, economy and energy. The north field gas started exporting in 1996 after heavy investment and projects development including con-struction of port and technical and production facilities. Qatar became the largest LNG-exporting country in the world and in 2010, total production peaked at 77 million metric tons, with plans to increase production by 64 percent to 126 MT/PA by 2027, as announced in November by H.E. Saad Al Kaabi, Minister of State for Energy Affairs.

In order to diversify national income, internal and external investments and to develop and enhance Qatar's financial reserves and to reduce Qatar's reliance on energy, the Higher Council for Economic and Investments was set up for that purpose.
In 2005, Qatar Investment Authority was established to strengthen the country's economy by invest-ing in the new assets classes. QIA has gained global respect for operating the highest standard and invest strategically to achieve excellent and sustainable returns. QIA, with $335 billion of assets under management, is investing in promising markets like in Britain, France, Germany, other EU countries, the U.S. and Asia-Pacific. This diversification of investment is in line with Qatar National Vision 2030 to foresee a shift from reliance on energy based revenue to QIA type of investments.

One of the most important steps H.H. took was the establishment of Qatar Foundation to promote and enhance culture and higher education in the country. Qatar Foundation is playing an important and a major role to advance science and education in the country. The Foundation contracted with some of the best universities in the world to open branches in Education City to provide quality educa-tion as an important tool of investment in Qatari youth and as part of Qatar National Vision 2030. The Foundation hosts WISE Conference annually in November where experts and leaders in the field of education gather in Doha to exchange views and experience. In March 2009, Qatar Foundation inau-gurated Qatar Science and Technology Park to be home for international companies in Qatar and an incubator to stand up technology business with the aim of developing the country's knowledge econ-omy, with emphasis on energy, environment, health science and information and technology, invest-ing in new technology development programs, creating intellectual property, enhancing technology management skills and developing creative new products.

Under the auspices of H.H. Sheikha Moza Bint Nasser, Qatar Foundation is sponsoring to educate 10 million out of school children in poor countries across the world. The Foundation is investing $1.8 billion in this program and has over 50 partners from all over the world including the Republic of Ko-rea, which the foundation signed an agreement for this noble cause.

In order to enhance an environment conducive for democracy and open a new horizon for freedom of opinion and expression, monitoring of newspapers was lifted in 1995 and the ministry of infor-mation was abolished in 1998. Al Jazeera channel station was launched in 1996, thus starting a new dawn and pioneering experience in the region and the Arab world.

The birth of Al Jazeera brought a new era of change which revolutionized the mass media and opened a new window of freedom of press in the Arab world.

To further pave the way for more participation in the policy decision making process, the first elec-tion of members of the chamber of commerce and industry took place in 1996, followed by municipal-ity council's elections in March 1999 where women had the right to vote, nominated and elected for the first time in the history of Qatar. On June 8, 2004, the first constitution was adapted by a historical popular referendum, thus guaranteeing rights, freedom and privileges for the citizens and to achieve the noble goals of democratic rule.

The State of Qatar has witnessed vast developments in economy, commerce, trade, industry, educa-tion and culture.

Doha, the capital, became an important international host center for conferences on important and vital subjects such as art and culture, and interfaith dialogue, economic and political issues.

Foreign policy

The foreign policy of the State of Qatar is based on the principle of consolidating international peace and security, promoting peaceful settlement of international disputes, mutual respect and common interests, peaceful coexistence and international cooperation, adherence to the values of justice and openness and respect for human rights, in accordance with the principals of international law and the U.N. charter. To that end, Qatar is keen on practicing the principles of good neighborliness, avoiding interference in the internal affairs of states, supporting the right of peoples to self-determination.

The foreign policy of Qatar has accomplished many feats, including:
Sponsoring talks between the Taliban of Afghanistan and the U.S. in order to find a solution to the conflict in Afghanistan.
Mediating the Lebanese reconciliation in 2008, known as the Doha Agreement.
Sponsoring the Agreement signed between the Republic of Djibouti and the State of Eritrea on June 6, 2010.
Signing of the Doha Document for Peace in Darfur Sudan in 2011 after more than two years of Qata-ri mediation.
Leading successful mediation efforts that resulted in solving the dispute between Sudan and Eritrea.

In October 2005, Qatar was elected as a non-permanent member of the U.N. Security Council for two years and chaired the Council in October 2006.

Qatar presided over the 66th session of the United Nations General Assembly in 2011-2012.

Sponsoring several international and regional conferences and establishing international forums to promote the principle of dialogue and understanding between nations and peoples, such as the U.S.-Islamic World Forum, the Doha Forum on Democracy, Development and Free Trade, and the Doha Interfaith Conference which led to the establishment of the Doha International Center for Interfaith Dialogue with the aim of promoting peaceful co-existence among followers of various religions and activating religious values to address problems and issues of concern to humanity.
The State of Qatar assisted and provided aid to many countries that were effected by natural disasters. For instance, when Japan was hit by the earthquake and tsunami disaster on March 11, 2011, Qatar donated $100 million to Japan, through the Qatar Friendship Fund, to assist relief efforts and acceler-ate the rehabilitation of victims. The Qatar Katrina Fund also donated $100 million to the United States after Hurricane Katrina in 2005.

Qatar National Vision 2030

In 2007, the Qatar National Vision 2030 was prepared and approved in 2008.
The National Vision prompted a more modernized way of thinking, opened new horizons and de-fined the features of the society that the government and people of Qatar aspire to establish.

Health

The State of Qatar has paid great attention to developing the health sector and enhancing its perfor-mance. The number of hospitals in the country increased from only four in 1998 to 13 in 2012:
Al Khor Hospital (opened 2005), Al Amal Hospital (2006), the Heart Hospital (2011), Cuban Qatari Hospital (2012) and Al Wakra Hospital (2012).
Aspetar Hospital is considered the first hospital in the region specialized in orthopedics and sports medicine. It includes highly skilled international experts in the field of sports medicine and orthope-dics. It was recognized and chosen as FIFA Medical Centre of Excellence in 2008.

Further, there have been many achievements in the health sector, including:
Implementation of the comprehensive health insurance system for citizens in 2011.
Development of Hamad Medical Corporation to provide the best health services. It is the first hospi-tal in the Middle East to obtain institutional accreditation from the American Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME-1).
The Sidra Center for Medicine and Research was launched in 2004 to enhance and promote health care throughout the country and to provide opportunities in the field of medicine, research and educa-tion.
Inauguration of the Weill Cornell College of Medicine-Qatar in 2002. The college renowned for the use of advanced state of the art technology in medical research.

Infrastructure

The infrastructure projects in the country were diverse and covered many areas:
Construction of towers and high-rises in the Al-Dafna area to provide a business environment suited to the different sectors of the state.
Construction of Hamad International Airport, one of the largest airports in the region. Works began in 2005 and operations launched in April 2014.
On June 6, 2011, the Qatar Railways Steering Committee (Rail) was established which later on became Qatar Rail. It is a mega project comprising three major projects: Doha Metro, Lusail Light Transit, and the Long Distance Rail for the transport of people and goods.

In 2007, the construction of the new Doha Port has started with a total capital of 27 billion riyals. This project is one of the largest green projects in the world. It covers an area of more than 26 square kilometers in a strategic area located south of Doha.
In December 2011, Qatar National Convention Center, the largest of its kind in the Middle East, opened its doors.
Lusail City was established in December 2005 and is designed to be the world's largest city built to meet sustainability standards and to reflect the Qatar National Vision 2030 for real estate development. The city will include a light rail network, a water taxi system and an extensive pedestrian path and bicycle route. The city will host the opening ceremony of the World Cup in November 2022.
Musheireb Project, the Heart of Doha, the foundation stone for this project laid in January 2010. It is a real estate project inspired by the Qatari architectural heritage to develop the old commercial district and is the first sustainable development project of a city center in the world, which extends over an area of 31 hectares in the heart of Doha.

Youth and sport

Great attention was paid to sports infrastructure and many stadiums were built to meet the interest of athletes and sports enthusiasts. The State of Qatar hosted many events and sports championships that established high standards organization, and made Qatar the sports capital in the region.
Doha hosted the World Table Tennis Championship in 2004, the World Weightlifting Championship in 2005, the 15th edition of the Asian Games in 2006, the 2010 World Indoor Championships in Athletics "Doha 2010," the 2011 Asian Cup, and the 12th Pan Arab Games "Doha 2011," the 9th World Congress on Sport and the Environment in the same year and the IAAF 2019 World Athletics championship.
In 2008, Aspire Academy was established to provide a high-quality sports environment that enhances the level of sport and prepares athletes in various sports disciplines to meet the needs of the Qatari society and achieve its sporting ambitions regionally and globally.
The most notable sports achievement was in 2010 when Qatar won the bid to host the 2022 FIFA World Cup.

Qatar Airways

Since its launch in 1994, Qatar Airways has grown from an airline which operated only four aircraft in a regional capacity to an airline that currently flies over 250 aircrafts to more than 170 destinations across all six continents.
Qatar Airways has earned many awards and accolades, becoming one of an elite group of few airlines worldwide to have earned a five-star rating by Skytrax and voted Airline of the Year in 2011, 2012, 2015, 2017 and most recently in 2019.

H.H. Sheikh Tamim Bin Hamad Al Thani assumed his duties as Amir of the State of Qatar when the Amir father handed over power to his Heir Apparent on June 25, 2013.
H.H. has been actively involved in the development and the modernization process in Qatar in his capacity as Heir Apparent. H.H. made a remarkable and constructive contribution to Qatar National Vision 2030. He chaired the committee for planning the vision of the country. H.H. The Amir is still actively following up the implementation of the vision at the present time. H.H. the Amir oversaw the launching of Qatar National Day as one of the most important things. During his tenure as the Heir Apparent, aiming that future generation will incarnate, preserve and keep echoing these inherited eternal values of the founding ancestors.

H.H. is playing a major role in political diplomacy particularly in bridging views among several disputing political parties through facilitating political dialogue hosted in Doha and carried out under the auspices of H.H.

H.H. strongly believes in dialogue and negotiation as the only proven and successful mean to bring about tangible solution to political conflicts and misunderstanding to promote and maintain stability, peace and security.

Qatar obtained high ranks in the regional and international indicators. It's the first in capital flows, GDP per capita, low unemployment rate, higher education, global peace index and human development index.

Bilateral relations between the State of Qatar and the Republic of Korea are excellent and developing in a wide range of fields including trade, energy and investment. Since the establishment of diplomatic relations on April 18, 1974, officials from both countries exchanged high level visits which enhanced and consolidated the cordial relations between the two countries. H.H. The Amir Sheikh Tamim Bin Hamad Al Thani has visited Seoul four times, the last was on Jan. 27-28, 2019. Korean high officials have also paid visits to Doha, the last and most recent visit was by Prime Minister Lee Nak-yon. More than 34 agreements and memorandum of understanding have been signed between the two countries, covering a wide range of cooperation in various fields like the avoidance of double-taxation, the promotion and protection of investment, smart farming, smart grid technology, fisheries and aquaculture, diplomatic training, tourism, education, technology innovation, health cooperation, sports cooperation, high level joint committee, LNG supply, civil aviation and many more. On the political level, the two countries share common positions, like promoting peaceful settlement of international disputes through dialogue, peaceful coexistence based on respect of mutual sovereignty and non-interference in internal affairs, in accordance with international law and the U.N. charter.

Qatar and Korea consult with each other on current and important political matters and exchange support for their candidatures in the U.N. and other international organization.

Korea is Qatar's second most important trade partner and trade exchange balance between the two countries has reached more than $15 billion as of November 2018.

Qatar exports and supplies Korea with more than 35 percent of its LNG needs, plus petroleum condensates, petrochemicals and fertilizer.

Qatar is a major customer and buyer of high tech Korean built LNG giant tankers which carry and transport Qatari LNG across the globe.

Korea exports cars, heavy machineries, electronics and home appliances.

Korean companies are actively participating in the process of development of major project in Qatar, like roads and highways, drainage and waste water treatment, hospitals, hotels, and museums, ports and conference centers. There are 37 Korean companies currently operating in Qatar in trade, contracting, construction, and information and technology, in addition to 140 joint Qatari Korean firms.

There are more opportunities for Korean companies as Qatar progresses forward to finalizing construction project to host the 2022 World Cup in Doha.

I strongly believe that we still have many opportunities and a lot of work to do to further develop and strengthen our cordial relations to serve the best interest of both people and countries.

To conclude, I think we have laid down a solid foundation to build on for prosperous and a long lasting friendly relations for years to come.

celebrates National Day
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celebrates National Day

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