We are glad to introduce you our big creative collaboration dedicated to the International Women's Day!
Various artists, illustrators and animators united to created 37 Google Doodles, each of which is dedicated to a unique woman who left her mark in history.
Organization Frau Shto
was a French musician. In 1930, Jeanne Poulet founded her own orchestra, the Orchestre féminin de Paris, composed of twenty-five female musicians. She then called herself Jane Evrard and was the first woman to become a conductor.
was an American circus performer. She was the first known female tattoo artist in the United States.
is a Georgian and Soviet chess player, the fifth women's world chess champion (1962–1978) and the first woman to be awarded the (men's) international Grandmaster title by the FIDE.
was a British physician, notable as the first woman to receive a medical degree in the United States, and the first woman on the Medical Register of the General Medical Council.
is one of the first female surgeons in Russia, a professor of surgery, a participant in the Russian-Japanese and World War I wars, and a poet of the Silver Age. She worked as a factory doctor, defended the rights of workers to a pension, and personally taught nursing to the Russian Empress Alexandra Feodorovna with the Grand duchesses, after which they worked in the infirmary under her leadership. She has devoted her entire life to military field surgery, traumatology, pediatric surgery, and cancer treatment.
was a Soviet sniper in the Red Army during World War II, who was credited with 309 confirmed kills, making her the most successful female sniper in recorded history
is the first and only female general.
was a Kenyan social, environmental, and political activist and the first African woman to win the Nobel Prize. She founded the Green Belt Movement, an environmental organization focused on the planting of trees and environmental conservation.
was the first female professional surfer in the world. She won her first competition at the age of 11, won her first world title at 15, and became the first professional female surfer in 1975.
was a German pilot, entrepreneur and sex enlightener. She was one of the very few female stunt pilots in Germany in the 1930s. After World War II she started the first sex shop in the world. The company she started, Beate Uhse AG, is listed on the Frankfurt Stock Exchange.
was an American aviation pioneer and author. She was the first female aviator to fly solo across the Atlantic Ocean.
was a German automotive pioneer and inventor. She was the business partner and wife of automobile inventor Karl Benz. On 5 August 1888, she was the first person to drive an automobile over a long distance, field testing the patent Motorwagen, inventing brake lining and solving several practical issues during the journey of 65 miles (105 km). In doing so, she brought the Benz Patent-Motorwagen worldwide attention and got the company its first sales.
is recognized as the first woman to have completed a voyage of circumnavigation of the globe, which she did via maritime.She enlisted as valet and assistant to the expedition's naturalist, Philibert Commercon.
Billie Jean King
is an American former World No. 1 professional tennis player. King won 39 Grand Slam titles: 12 in singles, 16 in women's doubles, and 11 in mixed doubles.
American mathematician and rear admiral in the U.S. Navy who was a pioneer in developing computer technology, helping to devise UNIVAC I, the first commercial electronic computer, and naval applications for COBOL.
After a moth infiltrated the circuits of Mark I, she coined the term bug to refer to unexplained computer failures. "People are allergic to change. I'm trying to get over it. That's why the clock on my wall goes counterclockwise." Grace Hopper
Rosa Louise McCauley Parks
was an American activist in the civil rights movement best known for her pivotal role in the Montgomery bus boycott. The United States Congress has called her "the first lady of civil rights" and "the mother of the freedom movement". On December 1, 1955, in Montgomery, Alabama, Parks rejected bus driver James F. Blake's order to vacate a row of four seats in the "colored" section in favor of a white passenger, once the "white" section was filled.
Indira Priyadarshini Gandhi
was an Indian politician and a central figure of the Indian National Congress. She was the first and, to date, only female Prime Minister of India.
is a Swedish writer, author of world famous books for children such as Pippi Longstocking, The Kid and Carlson and many others, translated into almost a hundred languages, with a total circulation of over 150 million copies.
is a Soviet and Belarusian writer, journalist, screenwriter of documentaries, the first Belarusian and sixth Russian-speaking winner of the 2015 Nobel Prize in Literature. “The Unwomanly Face of War” is one of her most famous works in the genres of fiction and documentary prose.
is an Iranian-born French graphic novelist, cartoonist, illustrator, film director, and children's book author. Her works explore the gaps and the junctures between East and West.
was an English mathematician and writer. She is considered as one of the first programmers in history and Ada's programming language is named after Lovelace. When she was 12, Ada was fascinated by the idea of flying and she began constructing wings. As an adult, Ada was also called the Parallelogram Princess because of her love of mathematics.
was the first woman aeronautical engineer in USSR. She worked on calculations of airplane designs. They include among other things invented a welding - bonding process with which the aircraft service life was significantly increased. Shahkhatuni became a professor and doctor of technical science and taught at the Kiev Institute of Civil Aviation Engineers.
was a British Iraqi architect described as the "Queen of the curve", artist, designer and the first woman to receive the Pritzker Architecture Prize which is equivalent to Nobel prize in architecture. She was also the first woman to be awarded the Royal Gold Medal by the Royal Institute of British Architects.
is a Japanese artist who struggled all her life with a mental disorder and was an outsider in the art world — and by the time she was eighty, she had gained international recognition and became the most expensive living artist.
was working professionaly as a writer, painter and illustrator for her whole life since the most young age, received a significant number of prestigeous awards in literature and artistic acomplishments and became Swedish national hero, staying humble and avoiding publicity.
is the first woman to hold the post of Federal Chancellor of Germany.
Aletta Henriëtte Jacobs
was the first woman officially attended a Dutch university and first female physician in the Netherlands. In 1882, she founded the world's first birth control clinic and in 1914, promoted holding the International Women's Congress in The Hague as a forum for women from throughout the world to meet and discuss opposition to war.
was a Soviet dissident, writer and liberal politician. She was the founder and the chairwoman of the Democratic Union party and a member of the editorial board of The New Times.
Galina Vasilievna Starovoitova
is a Russian political and statesman of the "democratic wave" of the 90s, an expert in the field of interethnic relations, a human rights activist, and a candidate of historical sciences. She was killed in St. Petersburg on November 20, 1998 under circumstances that have not yet been fully clarified. The animation was based on her quote: "Politicians need to be changed as often as diapers, and most importantly, for the same reason ..." (From the interview of Galina Starovoitova to the weekly "Argumenty i Fakty" - No. 16 for 1995).
Hedy Lamarr (Hedwig Kiesler)
was an actress, inventor, and film producer. She appeared in 30 films and co-invented an early version of frequency-hopping spread spectrum (FHSS). It serves as a basis for such communication technology as Bluetooth, COFDM, Wi-Fi, CDMA, used in some cordless and wireless telephones. Lamarr and Anthell’s invention used a piano roll to change between 88 frequencies and was originally intended to make radio-guided torpedoes harder for enemies to detect or jam.
Gabrielle Boehner "Coco" Chanel
is the woman who changed the world of fashion. She was a leader in fashion and feminism. She is credited with creating a little black dress that is considered an integral part of a full-fledged wardrobe.
The first female teacher of the Sorbonne. She is the first female Nobel laureate in history (1903) and the first double Nobel Laureate in history (1911). The first female member of the Paris Academy of Medicine.
is a Russian mathematician and mechanic, the world's first woman - professor of mathematics, author of the work "The problem of the rotation of a rigid body around a fixed point."
from Alexandria - woman scientist, Greek mathematician, astronomer and philosopher, head of the Alexandrian school of the Neoplatonists, author of commentaries on Apollonius of Perga and Diophantus.
Peggy Annette Whitson
is an American biochemistry researcher, retired NASA astronaut, and former NASA Chief Astronaut. She's spent 665 days in space, the most time away from Earth by an American and the most time in space by a woman from any country.
is the first and only one woman who has successfully completed a space flight alone, without a team or crew. Anybody can envy her dedication, courage, and fortitude. She has been inspiring millions of women that everything is possible. She is a truly great woman. Her contribution to history inspired us to create this animated illustration so the world could know and remember that each of us can create history and change the views of millions of people no matter what gender, age, or nationality you are. You are a human - that's all that matters.
is one of the most important Russian poets of the XX century. She lived through two world wars and a revolution that led to political repression and that was reflected in all her work.