- Pushkinsky Cinema
Competition Entry - Finalist
The Pushkinsky Cinema was built to display the most important cinematicproductions in Russia. Built at Pushkin Square, it became the landmark ofthe country's film festivals, a palace for the Moscow International FilmFestivals (MIFF) for movie protagonists and moviegoers from Moscow and abroad.
Our proposal for the cinema's architectural shape is dictated by threemain requirements: visual contact with the Pushkin Square has to bemaintained, the Pushkinsky Cinema's original architects’ vision is displayed inits entirety and the building has to adapt to the historical surrounding amidthe historic, busiest square of Moscow. The measure of performance is relativeto each project’s constraints and aspirations. The Pushkinsky Jewel visionexacts sophisticated demands: it must serve as a key driver in the PushkinSquare new Masterplan, embody best sustainable practices, adhere strictly tobudget, and most importantly, exhibit and incubate design for the Pushkinsky Cinema.
Before explaining about our design, we discuss the inspiration. Paying tribute to the 19th century author, which the square was namedafter, Pushkin blended Old Slavonic with vernacular Russian into the rich,melancholic language. Pushkin's Romantic contemporaries and poetries werecentral representative of The Age of Romanticism in Russian literature.Alexander Pushkin introduced Russia to all European literary genres as well asopened natural speech and foreign influences to create modern poetic Russian.Though his life was succinct, he left a legacy of nearly every literary genreof today: lyric poetry, narrative poetry, the novel, the short story, thedrama, the critical essay, and even the personal letter. Pushkin'sintelligence, sharpness of his opinion, his devotion to romanticism, realisticthinking and incredible historical and political intuition make him one of thegreatest Russian national jewels.
It is his life quite simply prompted the idea that, if staged correctly,we would commemorate a new Pushkinsky Cinema that could accompany his words.
At the heart of the Pushkin Square is a glass ‘jewel’ box, speciallydesigned to receive, preserve and display the cinema’s entire architecture.At its base, the cinema seems to‘float’ on more than 25 pillars, which are extraordinary setting for the site’sfunctional purposes. On the first floor is the grand ‘Walk-around Gallery’,which now finds itself from the sanctuaries discovered from the original unusedspace. The Walk-around Gallery will be twenty-four meters high and naturallylit, containing the magnificent Pushkinsky Cinema, which decorated the firstMIFF Palace at Pushkin Square.
The Pushkinsky Jewel’s grand Walk-around Gallerydirectly links the cinema to the landmark square urban fabric, allowing thecity of Moscow can inscribe its visions. The visual link between the Pushkinsky Cinema andthe Pushkin Square is achieved through the glass curtain walls/ceilingusing DuPont™ SentryGlas® structural interlayer. By enclosing the balconyspace currently exposed, visitors can enjoy a breathtaking view of the square,of its historic surrounding mini-park and monument under any weather and climate.
DuPont™ SentryGlas® structural interlayer’s are chosen, among others,due to its protection against wind, weather and impact protection. By utilizingcoated low-E glass, we increase the building overall energy efficiency – it canassist in engineering more effective thermal insulation and controlling thetransmittance of V radiation. DuPont™ SentryGlas®, offering long-termdurability even when edges are exposed to weather and less susceptible tomoisture intrusion, and remaining free from clouding even after years of service,makes our specification choice ideal.
The existing glass panel entrance (and lateralsides) attached to the structure overhang will be removed to form a more openspace upon entering The Pushkinsky Jewel from the square. Both side (northwestand southeast) sections of the cinema’s cladding structure will be preservedusing careful restoration process to bring them back to their former glory.
By night, due to the position of the cinema andbecause of the buildings around it, in order to be properly appreciated andavoid any reflection needs very localized lighting. The spirit is to create asystem that would always and only allow the cinema to speak for itself. Theonly way to achieve this is integration. We advance by degrees. We envision alighting system that transform into a kind of fluid which flows over PushkinskyCinema’s façade: a series of spotlights <locking the luminaires extremelyprecisely to adjust one another like the pleats of a Fortuny pleated fabric>that light up simultaneously or one section after another with differentintensities to tell a story.
We imagined watching one of Pushkin’s poetries cometo life – through the <clouds>, which symbolizes the sequences of scenesthat are the plot of the legend. It is with light, we have interpretedAlexander Pushkin’s words and legacy – The Pushkinsky Jewel. The conclusion is an unexpected and iconic building concept that is the embodiment of cultureand economy of Moscow.