- Green Building
Experimenting with construction and materials.
- As part of an experimental academic course, studio of planning and architectural design, for third and fourth year students in the School of Architecture at Ariel University Center of Samaria, We built a 24 sqm. building shell, while meeting requirements and limitations of a Green & Ecological house planning & materials.
Most of the components were prefabricated and assembled on site.
The course was guided by Architect Matti Avshalomov from Avshalomov Architects & City Planning Ltd.
Timeframe: 3 months
Total Cost: 3500$
Students: Elad Amir; Shoham Simchi; Ofir Etgar; Yair York; Olga Elman; Olga Shteynvas; Rinat Shitrit; Nina Amirian, and me, Lior M. Shemer.
- We had the opportunity to literally create the building blocks with which we built this structure from the ground up.
- The western facade is made of our first attempt at creating a concrete encased bottle block.
It was designed to filter the direct sunlight on midday and gradually let more in as the sun sets.
Its manufacturing is a complex process but manages to showcase the beauty of the light in a unique fashion.
- The bottles used for this block are 0.5L beer bottles and the entire wall required 200 bottles after which we affectionately named the structure BOB (Bottles of Beer).
- This block would benefit most from industrial manufacturing that would give it a more precise shape and easier application in construction.
- The east facing facade is built of our second concrete encased wine and whiskey bottle blocks which work both ways filtering the early sunlight and creating a soothing ambiance at night as the interior light projects through.
Learning from our first attempt we managed to streamline and simplify the manufacturing process.
- The rustic nature of the wall is a welcome result of each block being handmade by pouring a mixture of white/grey cement, wood chips, sand and water into a wood constructed frame holding the bottles in place.
The color variations can be achieved by varying the amounts used of each ingredient.
- The process of making all the blocks, as well as assembling this wall by hand, took two people two days.
If taken into mass production as a decorative and semi-structural component of a building, this block can sacrifice some of its rustic aesthetics for precision and still maintain most of its characteristics.
With both hand and machine-made options viable, taking the relatively easy process of making this block into consideration, it would also be suitable for areas where people rely on their own hands to build their home and could just as easily use our process for more affordable results by sourcing all the materials locally.
- Both walls share materials but highlight the different ways in which they can be used.
- The southern facing wall is made of our paper tube blocks. These blocks were easy to assemble and structurally support the roof.
- Using our block this wall was assembled in less than a day by two people, and depending on climate, the tubes can be filled with insulation materials like hay or cloth.
In order to protect the paper from the elements we used our own natural lacquer coating.
The exposed structure of the wall has its own aesthetics but it can take various cladding materials to improve further on longevity.
- The affordability and structural strength of the paper tubes was carried over to our prefabricated roof plates.
- In the exposed panel you can see the interior structure of all the plates which are made of plywood.
The entire roof was assembled in a few hours.
- I feel very fortunate to have been able to physically construct something made of our own components. It has been an exciting and worthwhile project that I am certain I will remember.
It was also the first building constructed by architecture students in Israel and the Ariel School of Architecture is still the only school to offer such an experience to its students in Israel.